Tideflex CheckMate provides sewer surcharge protection
Tideflex CheckMate Valves Provide Public Sewer Surcharge Protection
Key Benefit: Protects your site from sewer flooding
One of the many challenges encountered in urban drainage design is the cost-effective connection of development drains to the existing public sewer system. Generally, both surface water and waste water systems drain by gravity flow, and pumped solutions are avoided where possible due to increased capital and maintenance costs. Sometimes, even though the site levels and the existing sewer gradients allow for the new drains to discharge by gravity, there is a concern regarding the impact of surcharge in the existing system on the site drainage. Thus, measures need to be taken to reduce the risk of sewer flooding on site.
Sewer surcharge is when a sewer is overloaded beyond its design capacity and results in full pipes flowing under pressure and flooded manholes. Unfortunately, in many older urban areas new development has meant that existing drainage networks are inadequate to the task and new sites need to take precautions when connecting to them. Surface water drainage design is most prone to this and is addressed with attenuation and flow regulators to control peak discharge. Foul or waste water drainage does not usually pose as much of a problem, except where existing sewers are combined, and thus also carry surface water. Whether the connection is made using gravity or pumps, there needs to be a backflow prevention device, otherwise known as a non-return valve or check valve. This type of valve allows flows through, but closes to prevent waste water from flowing back up into the system when the water level rises at the connection. During the period when the check valve is closed, the design includes for either storage of the water in the internal drainage system until it can safely drain away by gravity, or pumping at a high level into the external system (called overpumping). Once the water level in the external system has fallen, the water level in the site drainage system will push open the valve and drain the system down.
One of the many factors that can affect the proper function of a check valve in a drainage system is "ragging" due to a large volume of toilet waste and other solids being flushed into the system or litter entering through road gullies. This is particularly an issue in systems draining public bathrooms and carparks, for example, in shopping centres and on college campuses. Oftentimes an issue only comes to light after a flooding incident and we have been approached on a number of occasions to provide retrofit solutions. Obviously this can be a messy, and hazardous, business!
The Checkmate inline check valve from Tideflex is an ideal device for backflow prevention in a surcharged system draining public areas such as these. It's unique design means that it is more than up to the challenge of these difficult environs and provides many advantages over other types of check valves. It also offers odour abatement and protection from rodents, which is always a concern with waste water drainage systems.
- Rubber construction - flexible, durable & strong
- Unibody construction with smooth surfaces and no sharp edges
- Low cracking pressure
- Located inside the pipe / ends flush with the headwall
- Does not warp, freeze or corrode so maintains long-term function
- Easy to fit
- Low headloss
- Doesn't protrude
- No maintenance - saving operational time and money
- 25+ years service life - long-term capital cost savings
- Reliable, proven track record - no unpleasant surprises
- Drains and self-clears in relatively flat designs - ideal for low-flows
- No areas or parts that trap or snag debris - no blockages or loss of function
How they work
The CheckMate valve is a heavy duty, fabric ply reinforced, vulcanized elastomer unibody product (larger sizes have integral wire reinforcement in body as well). This makes it tough and durable, but flexible and easy to install. It's "resting" position is closed with the saddle sealing against the body of the valve and so preventing unwanted entry into the upstream system, whether from backflow, smells or animals. However, upstream flows with as little as 1" (one inch) differential pressure across the valve will crack the saddle seal and allow the system to drain. The flat saddle area allows it to snap open under lower pressure than other types of similar valves, and when it closes again its flexible construction will seal around any debris until upstream flow can clear it away. It is simply inserted into the pipe end and secured with internal expansion clamps in the end cuff (larger sizes require minimal pinning through the clamps).
MeasurIT supply a super-light CheckMate valve for raw sewage in 225mm & below, which opens to allow flows through even in drains with shallow gradients and slow-moving solids in low-flows. These valves have been installed on a college campus on a flat site which experienced backflow issues from a surcharging public sewer, and have been functioning as expected for a number of years.